Adriano Banchieri was born Tommaso Banchieri in Bologna. He was an Italian composer, theorist, organist and poet and was one of the primary developers and composers of madrigal comedies. He produced mostly sacred and secular music.
Aged nineteen he became a monk and changed his name to Adriano. He was best known at this time as an organist and between 1592 and 1609 he held posts at various monasteries before settling at the monastery of St Michele in Bosco (Near Bologna). He became an Abbot in 1620.